t homework.hmtl
LENGUA RICA BEGINNING HOMEWORK PAGE
Back to our CLASSES page
BEGINNING
Azul Homework Class 1 (for Class 2)
Azul Homework Class 2 (for Class 3)
Azul Homework Class 3 (for Class 4)
Azul Homework Class 4 (for Class 5)
Azul Homework Class 5 (for Class 6)
Azul Homework Class 6 (for Class 7)
Azul Homework Class 7 (for Class 8)

 
 

Azul Homework Class 1

Lesson: Regular Verbs of the First Conjugation (-AR) Verb

This is the biggest group of verbs in Spanish. They're regular because their root doesn't change and their endings follow a consistent patter 

The anatomy of a first conjugation verb... HABLAR (to speak), for example: HABL- is the root. -AR is the infinitive ending.
When conjugating these verbs in the present indicative, in Latin America, there are five endings to choose from: -O, -AMOS, -AS, -A, -AN

(In Spain there are six. The second person plural pronoun is VOSOTROS--meaning "y'all." Its ending is "ÁIS." It and the corrsponding form of the verb HABLAR go in the blanks to the right of TÚ HABLAS, below.)

So HABLAR (to speak) is conjugated like this:

 yo (I)

hablo

nosotros (we)

hablamos

(you, informal)

hablas

 

 

él
(he)

ella (she)

usted (you, formal)

el perro (the dog)

 

 

habla

ellos (they, masculine/mixed gender)

ellas (they, feminine)

Ustedes (you all)

los loros (the parrots)

 

 

hablan

Here are some more verbs in this group: escuchar (to listen), caminar (to walk), tomar (to take), bailar (to dance), estudiar (to study), manejar (to drive), parar (to stop), mirar (to look/watch), buscar (to look for).

All these verbs are conjugated in the same fashion as HABLAR.

Assignment:

1. Write out the conjugation of all 10 of these verbs, following the example for HABLAR above.

2. Practice the endings and separate conjugations orally, memorizing them so that you can do it with your eyes closed.

3. Write a creative sentence using each verb (10 in total), varying the subject (not just using YO for all of them).

Example: Tú hablas seis idiomas. (You speak six languages.)

ALWAYS DOUBLE SPACE AND NEVER USE ENGLISH ON YOUR HOMEWORK.


 

Azul Homework Class 2

Lesson 1: Regular Verbs of the Second Conjugation (-ER)

This is the second biggest group of verbs in Spanish. These verbs are conjugated like this:
1. Take off the -er at the end.
2. Stick on the ending that is appropriate for the subject of the verb:
-o   -emos
-es
-e       -en

So with, for example, the verb COMER (to eat), what you get looks like this:

yo 

como

nosotros

comemos

comes

 

 

él

ella

usted

el gato (the cat)

 

come

ellos

ellas

Ustedes

los elefantes (the elephants)

 

comen

Lesson 2: Regular Verbs of the Third Conjugation (-IR)

This is the third biggest group of verbs in Spanish. These verbs are conjugated like this:
1. Take off the -ir at the end.
2. Stick on the ending that is appropriate for the subject of the verb:
-o  -imos
-es
-e  -en
NOTE that the only difference between these endings and those of the second conjugation is the letter "i" in the second person plural.

So with, for example, the verb VIVIR (to live), what you get looks like this:

yo

vivo

nosotros

vivimos

vives

 

 

él

ella

usted

el pez (the fish)

 

 vive

ellos

ellas

Ustedes

las hormigas (the ants)

 

 viven

 

Assignments
1.  Write out the conjugation of each of the following verbs and conjugate orally and memorize their conjugation to the point where you can do it with your eyes closed. (If you already know any of these verbs, you are free to substitute them with new ones of the same type.)
-ER: comer (to eat), beber (to drink), aprender (to learn), leer (to read), meter (to put in/insert)

-IR: escribir (to write), vivir (to live), abrir (to open), cubrir (to cover), recibir (to receive)

2. Write one unique sentences with each verb (for a total of 10 sentences). By the end, you should have used all the -ER/-IR verb endings (-o, -es, -e, -emos, -imos, -en) twice.
Examples: Yo como aguacate en la mañana. (I eat avocado in the morning.) Tú comes zanahorias en la tarde (You eat carrots in the afternoon).


 

Azul Homework Class 3
Lesson: Negation

In Spanish, in order to say that you DO NOT do something, or that something DOES NOT happen,
one simply places the word NO directly before the verb being negated.

Example:
(Affirmative sentence) Yo camino en el parque. (I walk in the park.)
(Negative sentenct) Yo no camino en el parque. (I don't walk in the park.)

Assignment
Write 12 new, original negative sentences using 12 new verbs (4 from each conjugation). You may use the verbs listed below if you like.
Again, vary your subjects. Always endeavor to use nouns in your sentences that are concrete and new to you. (In other words, don't use
"taco" or "casa" or such overly familiar words.)

-AR: tocar (to touch/to play music), abrazar (to hug), enviar (to send), reparar (to repair)
-ER: correr (to run), barrer (to sweep), poseer (to possess), prometer (to promise)
-IR: decidir (to decide), definir (to define), aplaudir (to applaud), dividir (to divide)

 

Azul Homework Class 4
Lesson: Interrogative Sentences

Generally, in a DECLARATIVE SENTENCE in Spanish, the SUBJECT comes before the VERB.
Example: Ram&0acuten envia la carta. (Ramón sends the letter.)

And, again generally, in an INTERROGATIVE SENTENCE in Spanish, the VERB comes before the SUBJECT.
Example: ¿Envía Ramón la carta? (Does Ramón send the letter?) (Literally: Sends Ramón the letter?)

Notice that there is no word for "does" in the sentence in Spanish. Also notice that an interrogative clause is preceded by an inverted
question mark (¿).

Assignment
Write 12 interrogative sentences. They may be affirmative or negative. You may recycle sentences from past weeks. Endeavor to incorporate positional words
from the unit vocabulary into your sentences somehow (arriba, abajo, etc.).
Example: ¿Juegan los niños abajo de la mesa? (Do the children play under the table?)

 

Azul Homework Class 5

Lesson: VENIR, DECIR, OÍR

These are three very important and useful irregular verbs.

They are irregular BOTH because the first person singular form (yo) does not follow the regular pattern of just dropping the infinitive ending and adding "o" AND because there is a vowel change (or addition) in the root.

VENIR - to come
vengo              venimos
vienes
viene               vienen

DECIR - to say or tell
digo                decimos
dices
dice                 dicen

OÍR - to hear or listen
oigo                oímos
oyes
oye                  oyen

Assignment 1
Write out the conjugation for these verbs over and over, just like I did above, until you can do it from memory without looking at another piece of paper on which they are already written.

Assignment 2
Practice the conjugations orally until you can recite them without looking.

Assignment 3
Write one original sentence using each form of each verb (15 original sentences). Use a dictionary of course and be creative. But keep them simple: don't use words that you'll have difficulty explaining to a partner without using English.

 

Azul Homework Class 6

Lesson: QUERER and PODER

QUERER (to want)
quiero              queremos
quieres
quiere              quieren
You can want things: Yo quiero leche, por favor. (I want milk, please.)
You can also want to do things: Ramiro quiere bailar. (Ramiro wants to dance.)
NOTE: In the case of wanting to do something, what follows the verb querer is a verb in the infinitive. (Infinitives are the base form of the verb. They’re the principal form you find in the
dictionary and they always end in R.)

QUERER, when used with the preposition A, and when referring to people or pets, can also mean “to love.”
Example:
Yo quiero a mis hijas. (I love my daughters.)
PODER (to be able to/can) This is a very useful verb that is almost always accompanied by another verb in the infinitive. It's conjugated like this: puedo podemos puedes puede pueden Examples of the verb in use: Los pájaros pueden volar. (Birds can fly.) Los páájaros no pueden escribir. (Birds can’t write.) Note that VOLAR (to fly) and ESCRIBIR (to write) are infinitives.

Assignment
1. Practice the conjugation of QUERER and PODER by writing them out as many times as necessary to memorize them.
2. Practice the conjugation of QUERER and PODER orally.
3. Write 9 sentences with QUERER:

4. Write 3 pairs of sentences using PODER.




 

Azul Homework Class 7
Assignment 1
Draw up a personal, nonfictional family tree that goes as far back as your grandparents and as far forward as your grandkids.
Label each person with his or her name and relationship to you.

Assignment 2
Bring family photos to share and talk about in class. Ideally, fewer photos with more people in them.

Assignment 3
Write a story, double-spaced, of a page in length, about your extended family. Make an effort to use:
-the vocabulary on page 4 of the unit
-the verbs PODER, VENIR, OÍR, QUERER, DECIR

(What can your uncle do? When do your cousins come? What did you hear your grandfather say? Stuff like that.)

 

Questions?
info[at]lenguarica.org
Last updated 12 October 2017