Anaranjado Class 1
Lesson: Comparative Sentences
There are three types of comparative sentences.
1. Comparisons with two clauses.
-Alfredo es más rápido que su Simón. (quality) ("Alfredo es más rápido" is an independent clause. "Que Simón" is a dependent clause.)
-Italia tiene más católicos que Turquía (quantity).
2. Superlatives (Note the use of the definite articles EL and LA.)
-Este jardín es el más hermoso de la ciudad.
-La casa de Roberto es la menos organizada del mundo.
3. Declarations of comparative quantity. (Note the use of the preposition
DE and the presence of only one clause, not two.)
-Rita tiene más de tres gatos.
-Bill Gates tiene más de 2 millones de dólares.
1. Write four examples of each type of comparative sentence. Regarding your examples corresponding to type 2: please write them about singular things (as in the examples).
2. Read a book (or a portion thereof) in Spanish and bring it to class.
Anaranjado Class 2
Lesson: Plural Superlative Comparisons
When the superlative in question is plural, then everything referring
to it has to correspond in gender (if possible) and number.
Example: Estos jardines son los más hermosos de la ciudad.
Note that four words (ESTOS, SON, LOS, and HERMOSOS) owe their form to the fact that JARDINES is plural and masculine.
1. Do the assignment from Anaranjado Class 1 over again, inventing new sentences, paying close attention to word order and that you have all the parts necessary to convey the sort of comparison you want.
2. Rewrite your 5 new superlative sentences so that they are describing something plural. (Between assignments 1 and 2, you will have 20 twenty sentences.)
1. Write a story about some who goes shopping in search of something (a watch, for example). Use at least one example from each type of comparative sentence from last week’s lesson in the story.
2. Write your 5 new superlative sentences so that they are describing something plural. These can be integrated into your story or not. What’s important is that you practice making everything correspond.
Anaranjado Class 3
Lesson: Comparisons with Adverbs
Comparisons are made with adverbs in the same way they are made with
1. Alejandro es más atento que Eunice. (atento: adjective)
2. Alejandro escucha más atentamente que Eunice. (atentamente: adverb)
3. Alejandro es más sinceramente atento que Eunice. (sinceramente: adverb)
Adjectives describe nouns. Adverbs describe verbs OR adjectives. Note that in example 2, ATENTAMENTE (the adverb) describes ESCUCHA (the verb in the sentence).
Note that example 3 is the same as example 1 except that SINCERAMENTE (an adverb) has been thrown in to qualify (describe) ATENTO (an adjective).
Like most adjectival comparisons, most adverbial comparisons use MÁS
or MENOS and an adverb. But there are these exceptions:
-BIEN becomes MEJOR
-MAL becomes PEOR
Write five independent sentences like example 1 above and five more like example 2. Try to incorporate vocabulary from the unit we’re studying.
Write a story using as many adverbial comparisons as you can, of both types, again about someone going shopping.
Anaranjado Week 4
Lesson: Comparisons of Equality (Adjectives and Adverbs)
Here’s an example of this in English:
My shoes are as red as a stop sign.
The operative word in English is AS, used twice: before both the descriptor (here it’s RED) and the second thing (here it’s A STOP SIGN, but it could be any noun or verb).
In Spanish, the same sentence is translated:
Mis zapatos son tan rojos como una señal de alto.
Note that the words TAN and COMO take the place of AS… AS.
Here’s an adverbial example:
Alberto corre tan rápidamente como Eduardo.
Write a story featuring original, creative sentences, using a different real-life comparison of equality of ajectives or adverbs. Incorporate vocabulary from Unit Q11 "DE COMPRAS."
Anaranjado Class 5
Lesson: Comparisons of Equality (Nouns)
These comparisons have to do with quantity.
1. El pescado tiene tanta sal como el pollo frito.
2. Fernanda conoce a tantos pilotos como Eduarda.
Example 1 uses TANTA… COMO, which means AS MUCH… AS. This expression is used with "non-count" nouns: things you don’t count, like powder and liquids.
Example 2 uses TANTOS… COMO, which means AS MANY… AS. This expression is used with "count" nouns: things you do count, like pilots, shoes, and trees.
TANTO in any form is an adjective and therefore corresponds in gender and number with the noun it modifies.
Write 10 different, original, creative sentences, using a different real-life comparison of equality of quantity of nouns.
Anaranjado Class 6
Anaranjado Class 7
This page last updated 11 February 2010