LENGUA RICA INTERMEDIATE HOMEWORK PAGE
Back to our CLASSES page
Homework Assigned at Anaranjado Class 1 (for class 2)
Homework Assigned at Anaranjado Class 2 (for class 3)
Homework Assigned at Anaranjado Class 3 (for class 4)
Homework Assigned at Anaranjado Class 4 (for class 5)
Homework Assigned at Anaranjado Class 5 (for class 6)
Homework Assigned at Anaranjado Class 6 (for class 7)
Homework Assigned at Anaranjado Class 7 (for class 8)
 

Anaranjado Class 1

Lesson: Comparative Sentences

There are three types of comparative sentences.

1. Comparisons with two clauses.
-Alfredo es más rápido que su Simón. (quality) ("Alfredo es más rápido" is an independent clause. "Que Simón" is a dependent clause.)
-Italia tiene más católicos que Turquía (quantity).

2. Superlatives (Note the use of the definite articles EL and LA.)
-Este jardín es el más hermoso de la ciudad.
-La casa de Roberto es la menos organizada del mundo.

3. Declarations of comparative quantity. (Note the use of the preposition DE and the presence of only one clause, not two.)
-Rita tiene más de tres gatos.
-Bill Gates tiene más de 2 millones de dólares.

Homework:
1. Write four examples of each type of comparative sentence. Regarding your examples corresponding to type 2: please write them about singular things (as in the examples).
2. Read a book (or a portion thereof) in Spanish and bring it to class.


 

Anaranjado Class 2
Lesson: Plural Superlative Comparisons

When the superlative in question is plural, then everything referring to it has to correspond in gender (if possible) and number.
Example: Estos jardines son los más hermosos de la ciudad.

Note that four words (ESTOS, SON, LOS, and HERMOSOS) owe their form to the fact that JARDINES is plural and masculine.

Assignment
OPTION 1
1. Do the assignment from Anaranjado Class 1 over again, inventing new sentences, paying close attention to word order and that you have all the parts necessary to convey the sort of comparison you want.
2. Rewrite your 5 new superlative sentences so that they are describing something plural. (Between assignments 1 and 2, you will have 20 twenty sentences.)

OPTION 2
1. Write a story about some who goes shopping in search of something (a watch, for example). Use at least one example from each type of comparative sentence from last week’s lesson in the story.
2. Write your 5 new superlative sentences so that they are describing something plural. These can be integrated into your story or not. What’s important is that you practice making everything correspond.


 

Anaranjado Class 3
Lesson: Comparisons with Adverbs

Comparisons are made with adverbs in the same way they are made with adjectives.
Examples:
1. Alejandro es más atento que Eunice. (atento: adjective)
2. Alejandro escucha más atentamente que Eunice. (atentamente: adverb)
3. Alejandro es más sinceramente atento que Eunice. (sinceramente: adverb)

Adjectives describe nouns. Adverbs describe verbs OR adjectives. Note that in example 2, ATENTAMENTE (the adverb) describes ESCUCHA (the verb in the sentence).

Note that example 3 is the same as example 1 except that SINCERAMENTE (an adverb) has been thrown in to qualify (describe) ATENTO (an adjective).

Like most adjectival comparisons, most adverbial comparisons use MÁS or MENOS and an adverb. But there are these exceptions:
-BIEN becomes MEJOR
-MAL becomes PEOR

Assignment
OPTION 1
Write five independent sentences like example 1 above and five more like example 2. Try to incorporate vocabulary from the unit we’re studying.
OPTION 2
Write a story using as many adverbial comparisons as you can, of both types, again about someone going shopping.

Anaranjado Week 4
Lesson: Comparisons of Equality (Adjectives and Adverbs)

Here’s an example of this in English:
My shoes are as red as a stop sign.

The operative word in English is AS, used twice: before both the descriptor (here it’s RED) and the second thing (here it’s A STOP SIGN, but it could be any noun or verb).

In Spanish, the same sentence is translated:
Mis zapatos son tan rojos como una señal de alto.

Note that the words TAN and COMO take the place of AS… AS.

Here’s an adverbial example:
Alberto corre tan rápidamente como Eduardo.

Assignment
Write a story featuring original, creative sentences, using a different real-life comparison of equality of ajectives or adverbs. Incorporate vocabulary from Unit Q11 "DE COMPRAS."


 

Anaranjado Class 5
Lesson: Comparisons of Equality (Nouns)

These comparisons have to do with quantity.

Examples:
1. El pescado tiene tanta sal como el pollo frito.
2. Fernanda conoce a tantos pilotos como Eduarda.

Example 1 uses TANTA… COMO, which means AS MUCH… AS. This expression is used with "non-count" nouns: things you don’t count, like powder and liquids.

Example 2 uses TANTOS… COMO, which means AS MANY… AS. This expression is used with "count" nouns: things you do count, like pilots, shoes, and trees.

NOTE:
TANTO in any form is an adjective and therefore corresponds in gender and number with the noun it modifies.

Assignment
Write 10 different, original, creative sentences, using a different real-life comparison of equality of quantity of nouns.


 

Anaranjado Class 6

Lesson A: Some Uses of Definite Articles
1. With titles when speaking in the third person (though not when
addressing someone directly)
El sr. Pérez es ingeniero mecánico.

2. As a pronoun
Tu novela es más interesante que las de Isabel Allende.

3. When referring to part of the body or articles of clothing (instead of
a possessive adjective)
Es necesario lavarse las manos antes de comer.
Tienes los zapatos sucios.

4. When talking about a family, though the surname remains in singular form
Los García vienen a visitarnos hoy.

Lesson B
Verbs Conjugated Like CONOCER in the present tense. All these verbs use "zco" in the first person singular form.
conozco conocemos
conoces
conoce conocen

agradecer
aparecer
carecer
complacer
crecer
desaparecer
enloquecer
establecer
fallecer
merecer
nacer
obedecer
ofrecer
parecer
parecerse a
pertencer

Assignment
Write a really clever story inspired by the unit vocabulary.
-Use examples of each of the uses of definite articles given above.
-Also use a minimum of three of the verbs from the list from Lesson B and use them each in the first person singular form.


 

Anaranjado Class 7

Lesson A: More Uses of Definite Articles (el, la, los, las)
1. When making generalizations
Los hombres son impacientes.
Las manzanas son ricas.

2. When talking about the time
Es la una. Son las ocho y media.

3. When talking about days of the week.
El lunes tengo una cita con el doctor.
Estudio español los martes.

4. BUT NOT after the verb SER when talking about when an event will take
place
La fiesta es viernes.

Assignment A:
Write two sentences for each use (or exception)--total 8. Use unit vocabulary.

Lesson B:
Numerous (but by no means all) place names take an article.
la Argentina
el Brasil
el Canadá
la Florida
la Habana
la India
el Japón
el Perú
La República Dominicana

Assignment B:
Online, do a search for at least one example from the above list in the text of any document. Read at least some of the document and bring a printout to class.



Questions?
info[at]lenguarica.org
This page last updated 11 February 2010